canons in the visual
Any kind of art is controversial, and statues are no exception. Given that they are made, as a rule, in honor of famous people, objects or events, sculptures simply cannot have the same attitude for all people. Therefore, it is not surprising that often ordinary statues are the cause of contention.
1. Lucifer from Liege
“Lucifer of Liege” – a statue in the Cathedral of St. Paul in the Belgian city of Liege. The official name of the statue is Le genie du mal (“Genius of Evil). It was made in 1848 by the sculptor Guillaume Gifs. But few people know that in fact the “Genius of Evil” was not the original statue of Lucifer, created for the church. Before it was born L’ange du mal (“Angel of Evil”), which was made by the brother of Guillaume, Joseph in 1842. Continue reading
Usually an object of art is considered from the point of view of entertainment – it pleases the eye, can raise the mood or entertain a person. But art is also capable of making real changes in the world. Pablo Picasso once even declared: “No, painting is not created to decorate a home. She is an instrument of war for attack and victory over the enemy! ” And it looks like he was right. Some canvases completely changed people’s ideas about social problems, about politics, and sometimes about art itself.
1. “Lascaux Caves”
Rock paintings in the cave of Lascaux. 17,000 years ago
One of the oldest paintings in the world made a splash, but it happened 17,000 years after it was painted. In 1940, a group of young people arranged a guided tour of a cave in a French village. Inside it, they found one of the most unusual examples of prehistoric art in the world. Although this is not the oldest example of cave paintings, it is one of the earliest examples of exquisite painting, demonstrating that people have always sought art. Continue reading
What paintings of Russian classics were banned from showing, and for what reason they fell out of favor with censors
We used to associate censorship prohibitions with forbidden books or films. But even in such a seemingly harmless genre of art as painting, artists could go against the ideological principles of power, which is why these or those paintings were not accepted for display at public exhibitions. Several such stories occurred in the Russian Empire, and they are associated not with some little-known artists, but with universally recognized brush masters.
One of the most famous wanderers, Ilya Repin, by the 1880s, was an artist with great experience. His paintings were bought by Pavel Tretyakov, cultural figures such as the writer Turgenev and composer Mussorgsky posed for him. In addition to portraits and a social theme (for example, “Barge Haulers on the Volga”), Repin was always interested in historical subjects. The legend that Tsar Ivan the Terrible, in a fit of anger, dealt a mortal blow to his son Ivan by a staff, was known thanks to historical work, although it is difficult to judge how true it is. Continue reading