6 artists who use their talent to help preserve the ocean
On June 8, the world celebrated Ocean Day, and many artists dedicated various events to this holiday to draw attention to the problem of ocean conservation. Someone focuses on the…

Continue reading →

Fraud paintings: How artists have confused viewers for centuries
Optical illusions are not a new phenomenon, the first "illusionists" were ancient creators. With the development of painting, the skill of artists in creating fake paintings was also improved -…

Continue reading →

Romantic paintings with hidden subtext, which are not as simple as it seems at first glance
You can talk about love in different ways - including in languages ​​of different styles of fine art. These languages ​​are understandable to everyone, despite the fact that the personalities…

Continue reading →

19th Century Girl Albums

The young ladies of the 19th century were not so different from the modern ones: they also needed attention, recognition, evidence of sympathy from friends and, of course, a cordial secret, which was expressed in allegories and symbols – often poetic. Now social networks are used for this, then – albums, quite intimate, but not closed from other manuscript books.

Album History

Unlike diaries closed from prying eyes, albums were created to be shown – to friends and relatives, to those who would also be asked to leave a record. The albums were filled with the “wrong hand”, but at the same time bore the imprint of the owner’s personality – it was he who determined who to include in his inner circle and whose work to keep as a keepsake.

The word “album” itself has ancient Roman roots, and it came to the Russian language from the French language. Those little things that we call albums existed in other European countries – in Germany they were called “shtambuh”, in England – “kipsek”. They began to gain popularity from the 17th century – at first among travelers who put together separate illustrations and notes made in the campaign into a book. Later, university students began making albums: when parting, they left each other notes for memory, drawings, and simply autographs. The tradition was adopted by aristocratic families, each guest was asked to sign in a special book and leave a few words to the owners of the house.

Then it was massive leather-bound manuscript books, with gilding and bronze clasps. The front page depicted the coat of arms of the family of the owner of this manuscript book – for quite a long time maintaining the album was a male prerogative. Albums owned by women began to appear only in the nineties of the XVIII century.
Maybe for this very reason, after a couple of decades, the society overwhelmed the popularity of albums, they played an extremely important role at any social event.

Album culture experienced its heyday during the golden age of Russian poetry – when A.S. Pushkin, V.A. Zhukovsky, E.A. Baratynsky, I.A. Krylov and other geniuses who expanded the possibilities of the Russian language and Russian art. Albums began to leave the walls of the living rooms, accompanying their owners and owners to balls, on trips and on long journeys. The pages appeared transcribed verses of fashionable poets – including foreign ones – for example, Byron, and often – not transcribed, but composed specifically for the album and written by the author himself. The pages were often decorated with drawings, watercolor sketches – after all, artists too were part of the circle of communication among album owners.

High society albums therefore often represented a real collection of works of art of the time; they included original compositions and illustrations by brush and pen masters. Later, from the pages of such albums, they moved to print media and became public, as happened, for example, with many short poems, madrigals and Pushkin epigrams. The author of the book “Notes of the Muscovite”, published in 1828, P. L. Yakovlev wrote: “Now you rarely find extracts from printed ones or bad drawings of flowers and houses in them. In current albums they want to have drawings of the best artists, the handwriting of famous writers. ”

Many albums containing autographs of Pushkin and other famous poets were lost, as belonged to Anna Kern and the one that was led by Ekaterina Ushakova, to whom the poet was married shortly before the engagement with N.N. Goncharova. Catherine destroyed the album after her marriage – her husband was too jealous. But the album of her sister Elizabeth was preserved, along with the famous Don Juan list of Pushkin.

But Pushkin left such an album message to Anna Kern – completely in the spirit of the times:
Me raisins
Will not come to mind
Zuckerbrod
Doesn’t stick in your mouth
Pastille is not good
Without you, my soul.

Composing something in a master’s album – preferably in poetic form – was a secular duty of the guest; and young people who revolved in society, honed the skill of writing impromptu verses or prepared them in advance. Printed collections were even produced.

10 things that made Andy Warhol provocation genius an outstanding artist
Today Andy Warhol is a famous American artist, designer, sculptor, producer, director, writer, and magazine publisher. He is called the founder of the ideology “homouniversale” and a genius provocateur, he…

...

See through 2020: major exhibitions of the end of the year
6 Moscow International Biennale of Contemporary Art from October 28 New Tretyakov Gallery The main project of the Biennale has several curators: opera director Dmitry Chernyakov, who has been working…

...

Georges Pierre Seurat. Hermeneutics blue
These days, the artist celebrates his birthday, who created the most sophisticated style within impressionism - pointillism. Yesterday, the group administrators were surprisingly unanimous, each paying tribute to the early…

...

"The Great Castration": How the shame was covered in paintings and sculptures at different times
The history of art knows many examples when, at the change of cultural eras, works created by predecessors begin to be perceived not quite correctly. Probably the most revealing in…

...