Exhibition of Ukrainian art in the Saatchi Gallery
Within the framework of the annual festival "Days of Ukraine in the UK", which is held by the Firtash Foundation, in the London gallery Saatchi for the second time the…

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Why the extravagant genius of the Renaissance has not been recognized for centuries in the Homeland: “Another Venetian” by Lorenzo Lotto
Among the great Italian Renaissance artists, Lorenzo Lotto occupies a special place. More recently, this painter was in the shadow of his famous contemporaries and countrymen, for centuries remaining unrecognized…

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From cave paintings to drawings of the great Pushkin: History of a portrait profile
The profile, which in the modern world is associated primarily with self-presentation in the Internet space, in its original meaning of a half-turn, a silhouette, is almost the same age…

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Merchants, crooks, money-lenders, millionaires: Whose blood lives in the veins of Vasily Kandinsky

The founder of abstractionism is a personality no less mysterious than his work. Originally Vasily Kandinsky from an unusual family. In his veins flows the blood of real robbers and cunning. The artist himself had leadership abilities and was very energetic and resourceful. What medium did the art theorist grow from? We understand the pedigree.

A mixture of blood and mentalities
The family tree of Vasily Kandinsky is striking in its diversity. In the first half of the XIX century, his great-great-grandfather was known as the famous robber. There is a version that he robbed caravans on the Silk Road. According to other sources, Pyotr Alekseevich, who at that time worked as a Yakut posadnik, robbed several monasteries in 1752. But the case was opened and he was exiled to hard labor in Transbaikalia. There, the sly man, apparently, got on well and acquired offspring. His son Khrisanf Petrovich was also dishonest, but after hard labor he changed his mind and went into the legal trade of wheat, usury, agriculture and even gold mining. The dexterous ancestor of the artist by 1834 broke into the merchants of the first guild. During these years, the Kandinsky family took over almost all trade in Transbaikalia. Already then the first millions appeared.

It is difficult to find exact information about the nationality of Vasily Kandinsky. Enterprising ancestors confused these traces. It is believed that great-grandfather Peter forged documents and from Buryat turned into a representative of the rare Mansi people. The surname is also not generic, but acquired.

The Kandinsky family was considered educated. They wrote newspapers, studied foreign languages, were fond of creativity. And the external gloss and touch of secularism did not prevent to increase capital. By the 50s, the population of East Transbaikalia was enmeshed in debt. People fell into poverty: all of them belonged to the Kandinsky clan.

Kandinsky’s father married a Baltic German. The artist’s childhood passed in Odessa. There, Vasily Kandinsky Sr. was the director of the paper mill, ran a tea factory and several shops. At home, the family spoke German. The future art theorist studied at the gymnasium. By the way, the preserved documents prove that the boy studied very poorly. But his parents tried to give him a versatile education, including music.

The family wanted the young man to become a lawyer, and he did not resist. After graduating from Moscow State University, he began to teach at his native faculty. His life flowed measured and clear at first glance. In fact, he was attracted to other matters.

“He was both a mystic and a metaphysician. But a metaphysician is to the very last degree pragmatic. This was expressed not in the tin of the artist “Mazilkin”, but in the complex analytical process of building, ”says Andrei Kovalev, Ph.D., associate professor of the Department of General Theory of Art, Faculty of Arts, Moscow State University.

There is a vivid example. From a student scientific society, Kandinsky, on his own initiative, went to the Perm Territory to study legal relations with the peoples of Komi. According to the results of the study, it became clear that the main legal force is the shaman, or rather, the spirits that the sorcerer refers to. Kandinsky considered rituals not from the point of view of mysticism, but of jurisprudence. His report from this trip was accepted as a term paper, and then grew into a scientific dissertation.

Prestigious work, marriage, science. Interest in art captures the young professor more and more. He decides to leave science and devote himself to painting.

“First of all, I was convinced that I was incapable of constant hard work, but there was no more important condition in me — there was no strong love of science that captures the whole being, and most importantly, there was no faith in it in me,” said Vasily Kandinsky.

I thought so – and went to live and work in Germany. At first, Kandinsky was to become a famous German artist. He quickly joined the environment of Munich bohemia. Kandinsky had organizational skills. He sought to unite the creative intelligentsia. He created various circles and societies. The most famous is the Blue Horseman. Vasily Kandinsky headed it. In society, they thought about music, tried to express abstract features on canvas. Kandinsky painted in the Art Nouveau style.

In 1914, as a Russian subject, he was forced to leave Germany. Kandinsky began the path to abstractionism.

“It all starts with a point. The kingdom of the point is unlimited. The point in our view is the closest and unique connection of silence and speech, ”said Vasily Kandinsky.

Vasily Kandinsky – a man who blew up ideas about painting, just as Michelangelo had once changed the look of a layman on sculpture. Today in honor of Kandinsky named the most prestigious award in the country in the field of contemporary art.

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