“Special Look”: Exhibition “Schukin. Collection Biography ”at the Pushkin Museum
Together with the portal “Special Vision”, the editors of “Your leisure” continue the column in which blind critics write reviews and reviews of performances, exhibitions, concerts and cinema. The first texts were materials by Larisa Ovtsynova about the performance “Circus” directed by Maxim Didenko at the Theater of Nations and about acquaintance with choreography from classical ballet to modern dance.
This time, Larisa visited the Pushkin Museum at the exhibition “Schukin. Biography of the collection ”, which presents one of the most significant collections of works of art of European modernism, created in the late XIX – early XX centuries – the collection of philanthropist Sergei Ivanovich Schukin, as well as the collection of his brothers. Within the framework of the Accessible Museum project, specialists prepared a program for blind and visually impaired visitors: a tactile exposition operates in the museum, lectures and excursions with tiflocommentaries are held, tactile mock-ups by the works of Monet, Matisse, Degas, Picasso and Cezanne are presented.
Amazing people are collectors. For the sake of their passion, they are ready to sacrifice funds, relationships with loved ones, health and even themselves. For the four Schukin brothers, collecting from a hobby turned into a matter of life. Three of them created museums that everyone could visit. At the exhibition in the Pushkin Museum to them. In Pushkin, each hall reproduces the atmosphere of one of these museums. Before we get there, we pass along the stairs. It is decorated with fabrics with patterns repeating patterns on the materials of the Shchukin and Sons trading house: we see roses, forget-me-nots, branches of blossoming cherry on a blue, red, black background.
Peter Ivanovich. Antiquities and Renoir
We enter the first room – and immediately becomes crowded from cabinets and display cases. Such was the situation in the museum of the collector of antiquities Pyotr Ivanovich Schukin on Malaya Gruzinskaya (now in this building is the Biological Museum named after Timiryazev). The visitor seemed to fall into the cave of Aladdin: from all sides jewelry, goblets, bowls, carpets, coins, oriental miniatures and old household items. In total, the collection of this – elder – brother totaled 250 thousand items, even during the life of the creator, she was donated to the Historical Museum along with the buildings of the Museum of Antiquities. For this, in 1905, the patron was granted the rank of real state adviser. The collection also included paintings, mainly French impressionists.
One of the pearls – “Naked” by Auguste Renoir — hung in Peter’s Ivanovich’s bedroom for 14 years, and then was put up for sale along with other works of art (after his marriage, Peter Ivanovich had to pay a round sum to his many-year-old passion by decision of a French court). Sergey Ivanovich Schukin bought it when he realized that they were asking for a picture too cheaply. We study it – and we can hardly believe that contemporaries compared the body, written in the finest half-tones, with a piece of meat covered with cadaverous spots.
“Naked.” Auguste Renoir Source: specialview.org
Dmitry Ivanovich. Dutch and porcelain
From the painting, Dmitry Ivanovich Schukin purposefully collected European art of the XIV-XVIII centuries, and only the originals. In his collection, there were more than 250 paintings, and all of a small format. These are German, Dutch, Flemish, French artists. The hall with its collection is divided into small sections by gray partitions, on which the works of old masters are located.
The first picture of the collection – “The Fruits of Jealousy (Silver Age)” by Lucas Cranach the Elder – was bought in Germany in 1891. The artist was considered the second after Dürer and constantly competed with him. On the canvas of 1530 depicts a woman who wants to get two men, and each pulls her to him. Fear is written on the woman’s face, men’s faces are lascivious, cruel and aggressive. Others are watching who is happening with curiosity, some with envy, who are indifferent. The scene characterizes the time of the Silver Age of mankind with the emerging passions and jealousy that led to the first crimes (in the Golden Age, people lived in peace and harmony).
The collection contains many works of old masters on biblical themes, written at the intersection of icons and paintings. The works of French artists are dominated by gallant plots and portraits of women against the backdrop of park ensembles, often in the role of shepherds. Dmitry Ivanovich also collected porcelain, including Meissensky – it is always a very delicate, elegant work, painted with delicate accuracy by floral or oriental subjects – and artistic enamel, sculptures and miniatures.
Dmitry Ivanovich Schukin bequeathed his collection to the city, it was disbanded and formed the core of the collection of old masters of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. The owner, on the other hand, received a more than modest position as a junior assistant curator at the museum. He was one of the few Shchukins who did not leave Russia after the revolution: the collection became his fate, he could not leave it. Ivan Ivanovich.