What paintings of Russian classics were banned from showing, and for what reason they fell out of favor with censors
We used to associate censorship prohibitions with forbidden books or films. But even in such a seemingly harmless genre of art as painting, artists could go against the ideological principles of power, which is why these or those paintings were not accepted for display at public exhibitions. Several such stories occurred in the Russian Empire, and they are associated not with some little-known artists, but with universally recognized brush masters.
One of the most famous wanderers, Ilya Repin, by the 1880s, was an artist with great experience. His paintings were bought by Pavel Tretyakov, cultural figures such as the writer Turgenev and composer Mussorgsky posed for him. In addition to portraits and a social theme (for example, “Barge Haulers on the Volga”), Repin was always interested in historical subjects. The legend that Tsar Ivan the Terrible, in a fit of anger, dealt a mortal blow to his son Ivan by a staff, was known thanks to historical work, although it is difficult to judge how true it is. Continue reading
Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov – one of the most famous Russian artists, his brother Apollinarius is also known, but rather to those who are interested in historical painting and theater. Other Vasnetsov brothers, in particular, Arkady, are in the shadow of the glory of the great painter-storyteller. But Viktor Vasnetsov, as a phenomenon in world art, could not have taken place if it were not for the atmosphere of creativity, conscientious service to art, familiar to each of the brothers from early childhood and leading several of them to a wonderful hobby – the creation of carved wooden furniture.
The beginning of a creative life
The head of the family, Mikhail Vasilievich Vasnetsov, was a priest in the Vyatka province, and from childhood he was fond of drawing. In the house of his mother, the grandmother of Viktor Vasnetsov, Olga Alexandrovna, as the artist later recalled, all the walls were occupied by paintings, the author of which was herself. The Vasnetsov family was always always close to creativity – its representatives participated in the painting of churches, the design of church fences and the design of iconostases. Continue reading
Nudity in the history of art: How the attitude towards nudes from Venus of the Paleolithic to classical painting has changed
Thanks to Ivan Efremov and his “Thais of Athens” the general public became aware of the concepts of “hymnophiles” – that is, singing nudity – and “hymnophobia” – those who oppose the image of a naked human body. Since the topic of nudity in contemporary art is often quite provocative, does this suggest that the latter are currently setting the tone?
The first hymnophiles in art
Hesion, carefully massaging Thais’s head, timidly reprimanded her, reproaching the temptation of fate:
“And no matter how afraid you are, madam, to appear naked in front of such a gathering of soldiers.” They caught you like a dolphin! ..
“If there are a lot of truly brave and strong men around you, you can consider yourself completely safe,” the getter answered her with a laugh, “they are Hellenes, and especially Spartans.” Remember this, come in handy. Above all, remember that men are usually more shy than us. If we follow the customs, we find ourselves much bolder, and they are embarrassed. Continue reading
“Makha dressed” and “Makha naked”: How passions flared up around the scandalous paintings of Francisco Goya
Surprisingly, the paintings of the famous Spanish artist, painted at the turn of the enlightened XVIII and golden XIX centuries, became the causes of scandals up to the emancipated XX. Despite the fact that the nude style in art is a tradition and, it seems, should not shock anyone, it was these works that became “markers” that showed that society was ready to see naked goddesses in paintings, but had a completely different attitude to depicting real beauty. earthly woman.
Machs in Spain were called dandy commoners. They are usually considered “townspeople”, but in the XVIII century they were residents of the Madrid slums. They personified the ideal of female attractiveness in the Spanish sense, combining romanticism, self-esteem and vivid temperament. Continue reading
The history of art knows many examples when, at the change of cultural eras, works created by predecessors begin to be perceived not quite correctly. Probably the most revealing in this case is the example of the appearance of fig leaves on antique statues. For the sake of preserving moral principles in the Middle Ages, thousands of ancient masterpieces underwent “great castration”. Interestingly, this tradition is gaining a “second wind” today.
The theme of nudes in art often becomes a stumbling block and still causes heated debate so far – does the artist have the right to expose her model, is this really an artistic device or just a way to attract unhealthy attention? In the case of ancient statues, it would seem that the issue was resolved a long time ago and unequivocally: they were created in the culture where nudity in men was considered normal and did not cause an ambiguous reaction. Continue reading